Bikes should be pushing the limits of innovation more often. If you ask any motorcyclist they’d tell you that cycling is light years behind in technology. There’s hydraulic brakes integrated into the frame and a Shimano Di2 electronic shifting. The frame is also packed with load sensors, wiring, batteries and control cables that help the bike to collect up to 100 separate bits of ergonometric data—from skin temperature to respiration rate and humidity to individual leg power output. The rider can later download these for analysis. Will set you back about $46k. Website.